Global Financial Crisis: 

Why the Stock Market acts as a "Social Hypothalamus", 

and how to fix the Boom-and-Bust Economy

by superpsychologist Raymond Lane

2008-9 has seen the worst global financial crisis since the Great Depression of 75 years ago.  Society has not been able to learn from that disastrous event, and so has repeated it.  The current crisis has even been labeled the Great Recession.  Despite plenty of news coverage about the USA sub-prime mortgage loans that sparked off the current collapse, no field of study has been able to offer a substantial explanation underlying this (or previous) crisis.  Most have just singled out the profit motive as the cause.  However, with a new set of laws to understand human behaviour - the laws of pain - Superpsychology can now explain in detail the nature of the Global Financial Crisis and offer a potential solution to prevent such crises in the future.   

Before getting into the Global Financial Crisis proper the laws of pain need to be briefly outlined.  

The basics of Superpsychology's laws of pain

From superpsychology's laws of pain it has been established that suffering in the human species occurs on both an individual and a social level.

The first law of pain:  For the individual, suffering occurs due to unresolved psychoemotional pains (known as nervopains) that act to repress natural human qualities (and replace them with acting out behaviours), create mental blocks, and to also set to altered levels any of a range of psychoemotional parameters (for example, heart rate, blood pressure, breathing depth and rate, pupil size, blood flow to skin, voice pitch and timbre, and many others.)  Reexperiencing past psychoemotional pains (known as exfeeling) reverses this process.  It replaces acting out behaviours with restored normal human qualities, dissolves mental blocks (i.e., rewires the brain), and resets psychophysiological parameters to progressively more normal levels.  

The second law of pain:  For society, it is now known that the human species has developed into a superstructured organism (or superorganism) and/or a superstructured brain (or social brain).  This means that society acts like a giant individual - and/or brain - with people behaving like the "cells" of that individual and/or brain.  This phenomenon has occurred due to the accumulation of social psychoemotional pains during our species' evolution (from natural disasters, wars, violence, disease, etc.).  This has led to the repression of natural species' qualities (as seen in reduced body hair, flatness of face, small teeth size, slight skin pigmentation, encephalisation, etc.), and altered social psychophysiological parameters (like pace of life, freedom, working standards, living standards, governorship, law, equality, impartiality, unprejudice, etc.).  In other words, society and its processes can be compared to the individual (and/or brain) and its processes.  And the same rules of healing psychoemotional suffering in the individual also applies to society - since it is essentially a giant symbolic individual.  

There is also an element of intermixing between these two laws, in that individuals can influence society and society can influence individuals.  

Aside from this author's own discoveries, these two laws have been built upon over half a century of work in reexperiencing-based therapy, brain and split-brain research, archaeology, anthropology, and global brain science. So they are well-formed and workable laws.  

An Overview of Boom-and-Bust Events

Since the advent of trade and a basic economy, from thousands of years ago, human societies have endured various degrees of both economic upswings and downswings.  There is even reference to an economic crisis in Ancient Rome.  Sometimes the downswings are linked to natural disasters like floods or droughts, sometimes they are linked to man-made attributes like greed or war. The stock market - as a centralised means of trading - gradually formed from the 1600s, in unison with an expanding European influence during the Age of Imperialism. Its development has enabled the study of economic trends.  One noticeable feature to arise has been the bubble-and-burst phenomenon - which has more lately become known as the boom-and-bust cycle.    

Generally, economic bubbles come about when investors see an opportunity to make a large profit in a short amount of time.  So they pour their money into perceived promising business ventures.  This leads to an overvaluing of those relevant stocks.  And a burst occurs when investors realise that their returns are unlikely to match their expectations.  A group panic ensues where people try to get out of the venture by selling their stocks and shares before they become worthless.  Prior to the Twentieth Century the most notable economic bubble-and-bursts occurred during the aforementioned Age of Imperialism, when the major European nations colonised new territories, setup remote trading posts, traded new goods, and had new markets to exploit.  At that time governments were all-powerful and had a hand in economic ventures, largely by offering their backing in order to entice public investment.  The several bubble-and-bursts from that time include the tulip mania of 1637 (thought to have been backed by Dutch government security), the Mississippi company of 1720 (heavily backed by the French government), and the South Sea (company) Bubble of 1720 (heavily backed by the British government).  Meanwhile, the (British) rail mania of 1825 occurred due to overinvestment in emerging railway companies during the burgeoning Industrial Age.  

From the Twentieth Century onwards, economic booms-and-busts have largely occurred in tandem with the growth of the financial sector - involving wealthy corporations, organisations, and individuals.  As stocks and shares rise during a boom, members of the financial sector devise schemes to make profits from the soaring market wealth.  This encompasses the creation of various financial instruments and/or exploitation of existing financial factors with which to gain advantage in the market - or economy itself.  Such instruments and factors have included mutual funds, leveraged loans, creative accounting, program trading, portfolio investments, margin debt, margin buying, and financialisation.  The Great Depression of 1929 was due to overinvestment by mutual funds in technology companies.  The crash of 1987 was attributed to program trading, portfolio investments, and derivatives, as well as the falling value of US currency.  It led to the introduction of the "trading curb" (exchange shutdown) to try to stop panic selling.  The booming Asian Economic Miracle of the 1990s was followed by the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis.  This occurred due to crony capitalism (capital flow channeled through favoured people), real estate speculation, and exchange rate volatility.  The dot-com bust of 2000 was due to overinvestment in Internet companies, and the rise of venture capital.  The crash of 2002 was due to creative accounting practices in some large companies that then went broke.  And the current crash of 2008-9 was due to excessively leveraged home-loans by finance companies.  

Those are the basic facts of what happened to bring about these financial crises.  But we need to know more about the individual and social behaviours involved.  For that we need to use the laws of pain.  

Superpsychology's explanation of the Global Financial Crisis using the laws of pain:  The Stock Market behaves like a "Social Hypothalamus"

Due to the recent series of stock market crashes, society has unfortunately become familiar with the boom-and-bust economic cycle.  But what society does not know is why this socially painful cycle occurs and how we can stop it.  The stock market (or stock exchange) is a central processing system whereby traders can meet and trade stocks and shares.  Its trade in commodities of metals gives away its roots in human evolution from around 5,000 years ago when metal use was developing.  Its trade in agricultural products goes back further to around 10,000 years ago when farming was taking hold.  While its trade in oil - a source of fuel for fire - has roots even further back to about 1.5 million years ago when hominids first captured fire (and needed a fuel source to keep it going).  So trade is a key component of human species' development.  Trade is the avenue through which technological and creative advances are implemented and shared, thus fueling the growth of society, and increasing the pace of life.  

As we have seen in volatile economic times, the stock market goes up or down depending on investors' fears or confidence.  It has two significant states:  a bear market that reflects investor fears and uncertainty, and a bull market that reflects investor optimism and confidence.  Sometimes (but not always) aspects of these two states can spread to the economy at large (society) and are known as a recession or an inflation respectively.  Then if these two states deteriorate further they transform into a depression or a hyperinflation respectively.  This exemplifies how stock market swings can expand into extreme economic swings that can damage an economy and cause severe hardship for people.  So it has become well established that the stock market serves as a barometer of social mood.  Not only does the stock market reflect social mood, but it is also composed of a particular structure.  The stock exchange is the central unit that interacts with the primary market and the secondary market.  The primary market is the more active and direct market.  It is the market for the first issue of stocks, shares, and bonds for the immediate raising of capital for building and infrastructure works.  It is the market necessary to get government and business projects underway or to expand existing businesses (this system raises debt-free finance).  So it is the market for direct action - to get things done quickly.  The secondary market, on the other hand, deals with the sale of stocks and shares between investors and, so, is a less direct market.  It is the reserve, or more sedentary market that is responsible for the provision of liquidity in society.  An active secondary market keeps the economy fluid and, in short, economically healthy.  Once again, the current Global Financial Crisis of 2008-9 is due to "sub-prime" mortgage loans - which means that they are below the primary market - that is, part of the secondary market -  thus they have significantly reduced liquidity in the economy.  

In comparison, when we look at the individual human we see in it the same moods reflective of the stock market and economy - and similar kinds of structures.  The hypothalamus is the brain structure responsible for reflecting the mood of the individual, and it interacts with the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.  The sympathetic nervous system is the active system that galvanises the organism for "fight-or-flight".  It makes oxygen and nutrients available for immediate use by the brain, senses, and muscles so that the organism can take quick action.  It is responsible for increasing heart rate, raising body temperature, and perspiration.  The parasympathetic nervous system, on the other hand, is the passive system that is responsible for fluid control, like salivation, gastric juices (digestion), bile, and urination - and it is also responsible for recovery and healing (e.g., via the excretion of tears).  So from this overview, one can see that the hub of social economic activity is reflective of the hub of individual (and brain) activity.  

How the Stock Market sets the Pace of Life, and Reflects aspects of Suffering

To summarise the above, it can now be said that the stock market reflects the mood of society via its "bear market" (nervous, declining market) or "bull market" (confident, upswinging market), just as the hypothalamus reflects the mood of the individual via its two states of "feeling low" or "feeling upbeat".  So far, this is quite normal because life ebbs and flows, so it is natural for an individual or society to feel low or upbeat at times.  But problems start to occur when these two states become magnified.  This is where unresolved suffering plays an important role.  

There are two main moods of the suffering individual.  Suffering from psychoemotional pain exacerbates sympathetic and/or parasympathetic nervous states.  It drives these states harder and imparts on them stuck or fixed, grosser attributes (embodied in habits, idiosyncrasies, obsessions, compulsions, and phobias).  The first is the sympathetically-driven individual, who can exhibit any number of stuck attributes like hyperactivity, overworking, always making deals, overconfident, a risk-taker, or a go-getter.  And the second is the parasympathetically-driven individual, who can exhibit any number of stuck attributes like sullenness, melancholia, depression, insular, antisocial, or withdrawn.  However, each prototype is not exclusive, and so some pain inevitably exists within the other nervous system, which causes occasional moderate mood swings from sympath-type to parasympath-type.  But the person who has a lot of pain associated with both nervous systems is the manic-depressive.  They tend to be highly strung and, so, exhibit huge mood swings from sympath-type to parasympath-type.  As a consequence they find it hard to function properly, as their life becomes a series of "try-and-fail" struggles.  So now one can see that the two prototypic moods of the suffering individual - from sympath-type (manic) to parasympath-type (depressed) - are reflected in the two prototypic moods of the economy - booms (inflation) and busts (recession).  

The similarity between the stock exchange and markets, and their individual hypothalamus and nervous system counterparts remains valid even when one looks at the two in detail.  Firstly, the primary market, in tandem with the stock exchange, is the up-or-down regulator of the economy, just as the sympathetic nervous system, in tandem with the hypothalamus, acts as an up-or-down regulator of the individual's psychophysiology.  (For example, the sympathetic nervous system can raise body temperature during an infection to help destroy a microbial invader.  Similarly, one of the main measures of economic health are the primary market share indices - the closing level of which are often quoted on news reports - that is, how far "up or down" they have shifted from the previous episode of trading.)  Secondly, the stock market has what are described as "psychological barriers", which are significant numerical levels that the indices can break through - upwardly during a boom, or downwardly during a recession.  This is similar to how individuals can suffer from psychological barriers (or mental blocks) that can reflect inner states of turmoil.  Thirdly, the stock exchange's commodity market contains raw materials - most of which are vital to industry - such as oil and gas (fuels), oils, copper, steel, sugar, coffee, meat (protein), cerials, etc., just as similar items - most of which are vital to cells and organs - are dissolved in the blood of the individual, such  as oxygen (a fuel), oils (fats), copper, iron, sugar, caffeine, protein, minerals (cerial-derived), etc.  Fourthly, the stock market has at least two safety activities to avoid market troubles.  They are known as "flight-to-liquidity" (traders shift from riskier investments to more liquid ones - equivalent to fighting one's way out of trouble), and "flight-to-quality" (traders shift from riskier investments to safer ones - equivalent to fleeing from trouble), just as the individual has two safety activities embodied in the "fight-or-flight" reflex (to either fight or flee from trouble).  And fifthly, economic volatility sometimes necessitates the shutting down of the stock exchange to prevent damage to the economy, just as extreme stress can lead to the shutting down of the hypothalamus to prevent damage to the individual (which leads to repressed psychoemotional pain).  So, in detail then, we again see that the core of economic activity reflects the core of individual activity.  

During a boom-and-bust cycle, a boom can produce something like 15 years of growth, then a bust can take away something like 10 years of that growth.  Usually, the pace of life is quickened by a small amount after recovery from such an event, and the stock market indices rise to higher levels than they were before it.  So the stock market can alter and set social psychophysiological parameters, like stock indices (and associated "psychological barriers"), value of money, and pace of life.  It can also (more indirectly) alter other parameters, like working standards, laws, degree of freedom, and financial regulation (e.g., altered taxes, or interest rates), etc.  

To put it simply, the stock exchange and primary and secondary markets act like the individual's hypothalamus, sympathetic nervous system, and parasympathetic nervous system respectively.  The stock market can alter social parameters up or down - and even "fix" them as psychological barriers - according to the "growth" or "pain" in the economy, just as the hypothalamus and associated nervous systems in the individual can alter up or down psychophysiological parameters - and even "fix" them according to growth stages or unresolved painful experiences (producing mental blocks).  In effect, the stock exchange and associated market system is an exact replica of the hypothalamus and Autonomic Nervous System - not necessarily in terms of appearance, but in terms of behaviour.  The exchange is a real-time monitor of a variety of economic parameters and is a highly stressful work environment, just as the hypothalamus is a "stress organ" that monitors the levels of numerous psychophysiological parameters in real time - according to the daily experiences of the individual.  Thus the stock exchange is the superstructured equivalent of the hypothalamus.  This phenomenon further confirms the validity of the laws of pain - that the human species is a superstructured entity.  And it adds to the list of social organisations - including parliament, model shows, sporting teams, and global society - that exhibit social brain structures.  All this occurs because a superstructured state is an outgrowth of accumulated and unresolved psychoemotional pain.  

The Dynamics of the Boom-and-Bust Economic Cycle

Economic theories have been another target of criticism related to the current Global Financial Crisis.  They do provide good information that helps to manage the economy.  But history shows that they are unable to keep huge swings in social mood under control.  So they are unable to stop boom-and-bust cycles.  

The bedrock concept upon which modern economic theory is based is that people make rational decisions in the marketplace.  Straightaway we see that this view is not entirely true.  Humans often do make rational decisions, but they also often make decisions based on their degree of psychoemotional suffering - decisions that are irrational.  For example, millions of dollars are spent by people each year on goods that are unhealthy (like fatty or sugary foods), that are addictive (like cigarettes and alcohol); that are based on a kind of "sympathetic healing belief" (like animal-derived pills, potions, and tonics); that are based upon hope (like gambling); or that are based on vanity (like implants, botox injections, and plastic surgery).  Business and financial people themselves are also not always rational.  A part of the business drive is to take advantage of people's dependent needs and weakened psychologies - for example, via the operation of casinos, by manufacturing cigarettes, by selling gossip-focused publications, or by using sex in advertising to sell items.  Likewise, history shows numerous examples of public officials - some of whom control society's fiscal policy - to not always be rational.  Some of them divert public moneys into their own and supporters' pockets, grab land for themselves, grant contracts to favoured businesspeople, take bribes, or in other ways skew financial systems.  In short, a significant portion of the economic market caters to addictions, superstitions, beliefs, predilections, hopes and dreams, or corruption, and, so, is partly driven by suffering.

When it comes to the stock market itself, investing activity is led by professionals who can often have an obsession with making money.  (In fact, most skilled professions have an element of obsession associated with them.)  People who are obsessed with money are often driven by unresolved painful experiences from their upbringings, where they were in some way deprived.  This could involve things like their parent/s business going bust, receiving little pocket money, receiving few gifts, made to work at a young age, or feeling that they were not valued.  When such people are suffering like this it causes their reactions to become exaggerated from the norm.  The trouble is that unresolved nervopain from the past gets triggered at both ends of market action.  When investors see a promising opportunity it triggers the nervopain of deprivation in the past, which drives them to overcompensate and buy too much into companies; conversely, when they see potential problems ahead, it causes them to panic and overcompensate by selling too much of their shares.  So (at times) they may become prone to overconfidence and become heavy buyers of stock, or overly fearful and become heavy sellers of stock - in much the same way that pro gamblers like to bet big and could either have heavy wins or heavy losses.  Other, medium and smaller investors - who are suffering from various degrees of nervopain that affects their own decision-making - follow the lead of the professional players and the overconfidence or fear cascades across the market.  If the overconfidence or fear is substantial enough it can then cascade across society, and in extreme cases spread on to other nations.  It transforms into a boom or a bust - in short, a rough ride for the society.

Our species, therefore, has progressed to a point where it is too highly strung and heavily traumatised (by past violence, wars, terrorism, natural disasters, economic collapses, etc. - causing hardship, death, the tearing apart of families, and destruction of communities) and behaves like a manic-depressive individual.  The economy lurches forward in a fit of mania to try to grow, find solutions, build, try to reach some magical zenith.  When it cannot reach that aimed for goal it plummets into a recession, where it cannot find any reason or optimism for further growth.  The repeating boom-and-bust cycle of the Twentieth and early Twenty-first Centuries clearly shows that the economy has become chronically faltering.  So economic growth guided by economic theories - is not smooth and efficient.  This has occurred because a large part of what the species is really striving for with all this growth is a cure for their suffering in life.  The human species is growing towards a destination it can never get to, to alleviate problems it can never properly identify (let alone resolve).  

The Different Qualities of a Boom-and-Bust Cycle

Booming and contracting economies offer different experiences.  A boom period is generally better for the well-off.  People are spending more and those who produce goods and services, or who have wealthy investments, can make more money.  There is also the opportunity to create wider schemes for making money.  For average people there are more work opportunities, and more money to spend on everyday items, luxury goods, and holidays.  But as a boom progresses society becomes more pressured and restrictive.  The cost of living gradually rises.  Commodities like oil become more expensive, which limits travel.  The central bank needs to regularly raise interest rates to try to slow the economy down, which makes mortgages more expensive.  The media tends to highlight people who make lots of money.  Celebrities wear expensive clothing and jewelery on the red carpet to show how good they have got it in life.  So as society steams ahead, more and more people can feel like they are falling behind.  The best things about a boom are that there is fuller employment, and greater opportunities for earning a living.  

A recession - on the other hand - can be more relaxing compared to a booming economy.  When a recession develops one feels the pressure of fast-paced living ease.  A recession generally is good for the average worker (who can maintain a job) since the prices of goods and services fall.  For example, the price of oil drops, making travel more affordable.  To encourage people to spend more the central bank cuts interest rates, which makes mortgage repayments easier.  The government needs to take less money from average workers, so may lower taxes, or in other ways try to put more money into the people's hands.  And to show their own concerns, celebrities wear less expensive clothing and jewelery on the red carpet so as not to appear to flaunt excess in tough times.  But as a recession progresses life becomes gloomier.  The government may rack up a string of failed incentives aimed at kickstarting economic growth.  More and more people lose their jobs.  And the media tends to highlight stories of hardship.  The unfortunate attributes of a recession are that money tends to lose value, and people save more and spend less and so businesses and governments have to lay off workers, which causes unemployment to rise.  

So a boom and bust each have their own unique qualities - and neither is "good"or "bad" - because different types of enterprises do well in each economic mode.  Yet despite this, society despises recessions and always wants to be growing in a boom period.  Economic growth is seen as the only way to improve people's lives.  This is a warped perspective that the human species has, and it is a never-ending struggle to try to get "somewhere".  

In reality, natural systems have ups and downs.  In humans, slight swings in mood are perfectly natural and cannot be stopped altogether.  Huge swings in mood, however, are a product of unresolved psychoemotional pain in the individual - and huge economic swings are a product of unresolved social pain in the species. 

How Superpsychology proposes to use the laws of pain to heal Suffering in Society

Economic theories for society have similarities to psychological theories for the individual.  Both theory types are adept at explaining surface activity, such as mood swings from mania to depression, good and bad experiences, and calmness and serenity (ideals that we all strive to achieve)  They can fix many small issues, and the occasional larger ones.  But because they do not deal much with human evolution, levels of consciousness, or brain structure, they cannot penetrate beneath surface activity where there is a wealth of repressed human qualities waiting to be retrieved.  So when it comes to the serious healing of deep-seated problems both theory types are ineffective.  Any economic theory that does not take into account human suffering will always ultimately fail to curb economic crises, because human suffering is not only integral to our evolution, it is also integral to all of our activities including economic activity.  In contrast, superpsychology's dual human science recognises the surface details, can penetrate to the deeper levels of consciousness to problems that underpin the surface activity, and it can also retrieve and restore repressed human qualities - both on individual and social levels.  

Nature has provided us with our own in-built healing mechanism (of exfeeling).  When a painful experience from the past is reexperienced, it reengages the hypothalamus, and the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems to process, integrate, and dissolve the pain from that experience.  This rewires the brain, and resets certain psychophysiological parameters back to more normal levels.  Such a person is no longer prone to magnified highs (overconfidence) or lows (extreme fears).  Their values also change to a broader range of interests rather than obsessive single-minded ones.  In the human species, this healing process was lost (or repressed) in us from about 3 million years ago, and we have rarely used it since, and it is not recognised or utilised in professional fields.  Put simply, we do not fully process our painful experiences - we repress them instead.  And then we unconsciously build brain-like structures - like the stock market / social hypothalamus - into society to try to "manage" our problems.  An accumulation of many nervopains leads to chronic tension and pressure in the individual, and an accumulation of many social pains in the species produces chronic social tension and pressure (to grow).  By not utilising this natural stress-healing mechanism we are making life increasingly difficult for ourselves.  

In the same manner as the exfeeling individual processes nervopain, a society of exfeeling sentient people would be able to detect the falseness of a boom period, or the reality of hurt and deprivation of a recession period and take them back to sources of social pain in the past.  Once the associated social pain/s are resolved, previously fixed states like the speed of society would change.  Society would slow down marginally, and become less pressured and stressful.  It would regain more of its normal species' qualities, and its perception would broaden.  It would also gradually dissolve excessive rules and regulations, and it would stop sections of society from being obsessively focused on making profits.  In essence, over time, resolving social pain would even out the economy's performance so that it no longer would suffer from booms and busts, just slight ups and downs.   In other words, superpsychology can produce the changes needed in human nature to avoid economic disasters, and make the economy more even performing.  

In order to resolve individual suffering, and lay down the foundations for resolving social suffering - including the painful boom-and-bust cycle - we need to implement the following:

First and foremost, we need to reduce the amount of psychoemotional pain in individuals.  This can be accomplished by a social-wide educational program.  At first only suffering people are likely to engage in this type of healing activity.  But as time goes on average people will also likely engage in healing to keep themselves healthy, their brains normally wired, and to eliminate acting out behaviours.  A well implemented program could significantly reduce suffering in individuals within just a few generations.  Then, after most people are engaged in psychoemotional healing, the healing of past social pains can begin and continue on into the future.  (Social pain can only be resolved at a future time, after most individuals have learnt how to resolve their own pain).  

The entire human species needs to learn how to resolve psychoemotional pain, reset psychophysiological parameters, replace acting out behaviours with normal human qualities, and rewire the brain back to normal - or for less affected people, to keep the brain from getting miswired.  Should a social-wide program of teaching psychoemotional healing not be undertaken, the economy will continue to suffer booms and busts, which will likely become frequent and damaging.  And political leaders, and their economic advisers, will be powerless to stop them.  The onus to change human society will be palmed off to a future generation to organise (which they are unlikely to appreciate when the solution to the problem was available earlier).    

For aeons, the public have looked to their social leaders - be they chiefs, queens, kings, or politicians - for healing of their suffering.  And for an equal time social leaders have been claiming that they are going to heal some aspect of social suffering.  Examples for politicians include to end poverty (Herbert Hoover, USA), to win the war on poverty (Lyndon B. Johnson, USA), to end child poverty by 1990 (Bob Hawke, Aus), to win the war on drugs (Ronald Reagan, USA), to improve healthcare and reduce hospital waiting lists (a common political promise), and to close the gap between the rich and poor by sharing wealth more equably (a common political theme).  Politicians have "fixed" some social problems - like civil rights - but via the institution of laws, rules, and regulations, which is not the same thing as naturally resolving exaggerated human behaviours.  Most political promises related to healing social suffering have turned out to be empty ones.  Yet, the new political leaders of today are still making the same kinds of promises, like getting the homeless off the streets (Kevin Rudd, Aus).  Meanwhile, the 2008 election of the first African-American president of the USA - Barack Obama - brought with it great hope for "healing" in its people, and some were even brought to tears at the (two million-strong) inauguration ceremony.  But exactly what is this healing supposed to be for?  Is it racial prejudice?  Is it the struggles of daily life, involving bills, taxes, and rents/mortgages?  Is it the Global Financial Crisis?  Is it individual suffering?  Or is it a combination of all of these?  That is the trouble with psychoemotional suffering - it is amorphous when there is no relevant knowledge to explain it.  It becomes difficult to identify exactly what one is suffering from, and how to go about healing oneself from it.  That is precisely why we need - for the first time in human history - a social-wide educational program about this type of healing. 

Politicians are policy formulators, legislators, and decision-makers.  They do not study healing or practise treatment methods.  So they are unable to perform any direct healing of suffering - especially when they have no new tools available to do so.   Superpsychology's dual science of human nature now provides those essential tools.  A social educational program would best be provided with the assistance of government backing.  So the question now becomes, which political leader/s will be courageous enough to take society on to the next stage of its evolution: the (re)learning of how to resolve psychoemotional pain - and make real, effective changes, rather than just empty promises.  The future of a healthy human species awaits a forthright decision in this area ...

Wikipedia, Wikipedia Foundation Inc.,

March 2009.


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